Why MBA

Problems involving Time, Distance and Speed are solved based on one simple formula.

Distance = Speed * Time

Which implies →

Speed = Distance / Time   and

Time = Distance / Speed

Let us take a look at some simple examples of distance, time and speed problems.

Example 1. A boy walks at a speed of 4 kmph. How much time does he take to walk a distance of 20 km?

Solution

Time = Distance / speed = 20/4 = 5 hours.

Example 2. A cyclist covers a distance of 15 miles in 2 hours. Calculate his speed.

Solution

Speed = Distance/time = 15/2 = 7.5 miles per hour.

Example 3. A car takes 4 hours to cover a distance, if it travels at a speed of 40 mph. What should be its speed to cover the same distance in 1.5 hours?

Solution

Distance covered = 4*40 = 160 miles

Speed required to cover the same distance in 1.5 hours = 160/1.5 = 106.66 mph

Now, take a look at the following example:

Example 4. If a person walks at 4 mph, he covers a certain distance. If he walks at 9 mph, he covers 7.5 miles more. How much distance did he actually cover?

Now we can see that the direct application of our usual formula Distance = Speed * Time or its variations cannot be done in this case and we need to put in extra effort to calculate the given parameters.

Let us see how this question can be solved.

Solution

For these kinds of questions, a table like this might make it easier to solve.

 Distance Speed Time d 4 t d+7.5 9 t

Let the distance covered by that person be ‘d’.

Walking at 4 mph and covering a distance ‘d’ is done in a time of ‘d/4’

IF he walks at 9 mph, he covers 7.5 miles more than the actual distance d, which is ‘d+7.5’.

He does this in a time of (d+7.5)/9.

Since the time is same in both the cases →

d/4 = (d+7.5)/9            →        9d = 4(d+7.5)   →        9d=4d+30        →        d = 6.

So, he covered a distance of 6 miles in 1.5 hours.

Example 5. A train is going at 1/3 of its usual speed and it takes an extra 30 minutes to reach its destination. Find its usual time to cover the same distance.

Solution

Here, we see that the distance is same.

Let us assume that its usual speed is ‘s’ and time is ‘t’, then

 Distance Speed Time d s t min d S+1/3 t+30 min

s*t = (1/3)s*(t+30)      →        t = t/3 + 10      →        t = 15.

So the actual time taken to cover the distance is 15 minutes.

Note: Note the time is expressed in terms of ‘minutes’. When we express distance in terms of miles or kilometers, time is expressed in terms of hours and has to be converted into appropriate units of measurement.

## Solved Questions on Trains

Example 1. X and Y are two stations which are 320 miles apart. A train starts at a certain time from X and travels towards Y at 70 mph. After 2 hours, another train starts from Y and travels towards X at 20 mph. At what time do they meet?

Solution

Let the time after which they meet be ‘t’ hours.

Then the time travelled by second train becomes ‘t-2’.

Now,

Distance covered by first train+Distance covered by second train = 320 miles

70t+20(t-2) = 320

Solving this gives t = 4.

So the two trains meet after 4 hours.

Example 2. A train leaves from a station and moves at a certain speed. After 2 hours, another train leaves from the same station and moves in the same direction at a speed of 60 mph. If it catches up with the first train in 4 hours, what is the speed of the first train?

Solution

Let the speed of the first train be ‘s’.

Distance covered by the first train in (2+4) hours = Distance covered by second train in 4 hours

Therefore, 6s = 60*4

Solving which gives s=40.

So the slower train is moving at the rate of 40 mph.

## Questions on Boats/Airplanes

For problems with boats and streams,

Speed of the boat upstream (against the current) = Speed of the boat in still water – speed of the stream

[As the stream obstructs the speed of the boat in still water, its speed has to be subtracted from the usual speed of the boat]

Speed of the boat downstream (along with the current) = Speed of the boat in still water + speed of the stream

[As the stream pushes the boat and makes it easier for the boat to reach the destination faster, speed of the stream has to be added]

Similarly, for airplanes travelling with/against the wind,

Speed of the plane with the wind = speed of the plane + speed of the wind

Speed of the plane against the wind = speed of the plane – speed of the wind

Let us look at some examples.

Example 1. A man travels at 3 mph in still water. If the current’s velocity is 1 mph, it takes 3 hours to row to a place and come back. How far is the place?

Solution

Let the distance be ‘d’ miles.

Time taken to cover the distance upstream + Time taken to cover the distance downstream = 3

Speed upstream = 3-1 = 2 mph

Speed downstream = 3+1 = 4 mph

So, our equation would be d/2 + d/4 = 3 → solving which, we get d = 4 miles.

Example 2. With the wind, an airplane covers a distance of 2400 kms in 4 hours and against the wind in 6 hours. What is the speed of the plane and that of the wind?

Solution

Let the speed of the plane be ‘a’ and that of the wind be ‘w’.

Our table looks like this:

 Distance Speed Time With the wind 2400 a+w 4 Against the wind 2400 a-w 6

4(a+w) = 2400 and 6(a-w) = 2400

Expressing one unknown variable in terms of the other makes it easier to solve, which means

a+w = 600 → w=600-a

Substituting the value of w in the second equation,

a-w = 400

a-(600-a) = 400 → a = 500

The speed of the plane is 500 kmph and that of the wind is 100 kmph.

## More solved examples on Speed, Distance and Time

Example 1. A boy travelled by train which moved at the speed of 30 mph. He then boarded a bus which moved at the speed of 40 mph and reached his destination. The entire distance covered was 100 miles and the entire duration of the journey was 3 hours. Find the distance he travelled by bus.

Solution

 Distance Speed Time Train d 30 t Bus 100-d 40 3-t

Let the time taken by the train be ‘t’. Then that of bus is ‘3-t’.

The entire distance covered was 100 miles

So, 30t + 40(3-t) = 100

Solving which gives t=2.

Substituting the value of t in 40(3-t), we get the distance travelled by bus is 40 miles.

Alternatively, we can add the time and equate it to 3 hours, which directly gives the distance.

d/30 + (100-d)/40 = 3

Solving which gives d = 60, which is the distance travelled by train. 100-60 = 40 miles is the distance travelled by bus.

Example 2. A plane covered a distance of 630 miles in 6 hours. For the first part of the trip, the average speed was 100 mph and for the second part of the trip, the average speed was 110 mph. what is the time it flew at each speed?

Solution

Our table looks like this.

 Distance Speed Time 1st part of journey d 100 t 2nd part of journey 630-d 110 6-t

Assuming the distance covered in the 1st part of journey to be ‘d’, the distance covered in the second half becomes ‘630-d’.

Assuming the time taken for the first part of the journey to be ‘t’, the time taken for the second half becomes ‘6-t’.

From the first equation, d=100t

The second equation is 630-d = 110(6-t).

Substituting the value of d from the first equation, we get

630-100t = 110(6-t)

Solving this gives t=3.

So the plane flew the first part of the journey in 3 hours and the second part in 3 hours.

Example 2. Two persons are walking towards each other on a walking path that is 20 miles long. One is walking at the rate of 3 mph and the other at 4 mph. After how much time will they meet each other?

Solution

 Distance Speed Time First person d 3 t Second person 20-d 4 t

Assuming the distance travelled by the first person to be ‘d’, the distance travelled by the second person is ’20-d’.

The time is ‘t’ for both of them because when they meet, they would have walked for the same time.

Since time is same, we can equate as

d/3 = (20-d)/4

Solving this gives d=60/7 miles (8.5 miles approximately)

Then t = 20/7 hours

So the two persons meet after 2 6/7 hours.

## Practice Questions for you to solve

Problem 1

A boat covers a certain distance in 2 hours, while it comes back in 3 hours. If the speed of the stream is 4 kmph, what is the boat’s speed in still water?

A) 30 kmph
B) 20 kmph
C) 15 kmph
D) 40kmph

B.

Explanation

Let the speed of the boat be ‘s’ kmph.

Then, 2(s+4) = 3(s-4) → s=20

Problem 2

A cyclist travels for 3 hours, travelling for the first half of the journey at 12 mph and the second half at 15 mph. Find the total distance he covered.

A) 30 miles
B) 35 miles
C) 40 miles
D) 180 miles

C.

Explanation

Since it is mentioned, that the first ‘half’ of the journey is covered in 12 mph and the second in 15, the equation looks like

(d/2)/12 + (d/2)/15 = 3

Solving this gives d=40 miles

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1. kavya says:

Meera walked to school at a speed of 3 miles per hour. Once she reached the school, she
realized that she forgot to bring her books, so rushed back home at a speed of 6 miles per
hour. She then walked back to school at a speed of 4 miles per hour. All the times, she
walked in the same route.

• PRAKET MISHRA says:

It is wrong

• Vasudha Uddavan says:

When she walks faster the time she takes to reach her home and school is lower. There is nothing wrong with the statement. They never mentioned how long she took every time.

2. Akshay says:

When in a sum given two km/h and he come before some time and after some time then find distance how ?

3. rajan prajapati says:

a man covers a distance on a toy train.if the train moved 4km/hr faster,it would take 30 min. less. if it moved 2km/hr slower, it would have taken 20 min. more .find the distance.

• P.Vishal Reddy says:

Let the speed be x. and time be y. A.T.Q, (x+4)(y-1/2)=d and (x-2)(y+1/3)=d. Equate these two and get the answer

• quark says:

Could you explain how ? you have two equations and there are 3 variables.

• Greg says:

The 3rd equation is d=xy. Now, you have 3 equations with 3 unknowns.
The variables x and y represent the usual speed and usual time to travel distance d.

• Dhairya Khatri says:

Speed comes out to be 20 km/hr and the time taken is 3 hrs. The distance traveled is 60 km.

• Lycha Shane says:

It’s probably the average speed that we are looking for here. Ave. Speed= total distance/ total time. Since it’s harder to look for one variable since both are absent, you can use, 3d/ d( V2V3 + V1V3 + V1V2/ V1V2V3)

4. nakshathra says:

2 girls meenu and priya start at the same time to ride from madurai to manamadurai, 60 km away.meenu travels 4kmph slower than priya. priya reaches manamadurai and at turns back meeting meenu 12km from manamaduai. find meenu’s speed?

• quark says:

Hi, when the two girls meet, they have taken equal time to travel their respective distance. So, we just need to equate their time equations

Distance travelled by Meenu = 60 -12 = 48
Distance travelled by Priya = 60 + 12 = 72
Let ‘s’ be the speed of Meenu

Time taken by Meenu => t1 = 48/s
Time taken by Priya => t2 = 72/(s+4)

t1=t2
Thus, 48/s = 72/(s+4) => 24s = 192 => s = 8Km/hr

5. Rohit kumar says:

A train can travel 50% faster than a car. Both start from point A at the same time and reach point B 75 KMS away from A at the same time. On the way, however the train lost about 12.5 minutes while stopping at the stations. The speed of the car is:

• shyam says:

Let speed of the CAR BE x kmph.

Then, speed of the train = 3/2(x)
.’. 75/x – 75/(3/2)x= 125/(10*60) — subtracting the times travelled by two them hence trains wastage time

therefore x= 120 kmph

6. Naman Gupta says:

when a person is moving with speed x km/hr is reaching office in t time. when he increases speed by 20km/hr, he reaches 40 min early. but when he decreases speed by 20 km/hr, he reaches 40 min late. what is the distance

7. Anjali says:

A boat moves with velocity 5km/hr relative to water at time t=0.The boat passes through a piece of wood floating in water while moving downstream.If it turns back after 30m,when and where does the boat meet the piece of wood again.Velocity of flow of water is 2km/hr.

• shyam says:

after 30 m he takes turn… from where?
from the starting position or from where he met the wood?

8. Anju Tripathi says:

1.Data sufficiency :

On the certain day it took bill three times as long to drive from home to work as it took Sue to drive from home to work. How many kilometers did Bill drive from home to work?

a) sue drove 10 kms from home to work, and the ratio of distance driven from home to work time to drive from home to work was the same for Bill and Sue that day.

b) The ratio of distance driven from home to work time to drive from home to work for Sue that day was 64 kms/hr

9. Thembinkosi says:

A cyclist completes a distance of 60 km at the same speed throughout. She travels 10 km in one hour. She stops every 20 km for one hour to have a break. What are the two variables involved in this situation?

• Shaun says:

60km divided by 10km/h=6 hours
60 divided by 20= 3 hours
3 hours+6 hours= 9 hours

10. Susma says:

The distance between Delhi to Mumbai is took .Two trains simultaneously leaves ten Delhi and Mumbai after they metthe train travelling towards mumbai reached there after 9hours ,while train travelling towards delhi reaches after4 hours what is the speed of train running towards mumbai?

• B. Hanumantha Rao says:

A man travels first 80km at 20kmph next 30km at15kmph and then 80 km at 20 kmph find his average speed of whole journey

11. vishal says:

The proportion of the speed of a car, jeep, tractor is 3: 5: 2. The speed of the jeep is 250% of the speed of the tractor, which defines 360 kilometer distance in 12 hours, what will be the speed of the car and jeep together

Ade is traveling at 80kmph and leaves point X at 8:00. Bola is traveling at 120kmph but leaves point Y 100km away (behind) from point X at the same time. At what time will Bola meet Ade assuming traveling in the same direction

13. Kashif says:

A train crosses a electic pole in 12 sec and crosees a 200 m long platform in 20 sec.find thame length of train?

• BOB PEETE says:

Let the length of the train to prod past a point be the intrinsic distance (D) of the train and its speed be S. Its speed, S in passing the electric pole of negligible length is = D/12.
The length of the platform added to the intrinsic length of the train. So, the total distance = D + 200.
The time = 20 secs.
The Speed, S = (D + 200)/20
At constant speed, D/12 = (D + 200)/20
Cross-multiplying, 20D = 12D + 200*12
20D – 12D = 200*12; 8D = 200*12
D = 200*12/8 = 300m. 4th Aug, 2018

14. sam says:

An engineer travels from St. John’s, Newfoundland, to the Hibernia oil field in the North
The Atlantic Ocean on a ship that averages 28 km/hr. After spending 6 hrs at the field, the
engineer returns to St. John’s in a helicopter that averages 140 km/hr. If the total trip
takes 19.5 hrs; how far is the Hibernia oil field from St. John’s?

15. martin says:

If the coordinates of the midpoint of the line segment with end points
(a, 4) and (3, b) are (5, -2), find the values of a and b.

16. Mimo says:

A train starts from kolkata for madhupur. Another train starts from madhupur for kolkata at same instance. They reached their destinatio in 1hour and 4 hours respectively after they meet each other. Find the ratio of their speeds.

• Juma says:

the ratio is 2:1

17. Sheraz Arshid says:

A car has a fuel capacity of 12 gallons and a fuel consumption of 45 miles per gallon. Gas costs 2.56 a gallon. How far can the car travel on 16 .64 worth of petrol?

• Juma says:

the ratio of their speed is 2:1

18. Thabiso says:

A boy travels by a train to visits his father in Durban. His trip will take 6 hours 15 min. The train travels at an average speed of 95km/h . Calculate the distance that a boy will travel to reach his destination

• Juma says:

the distance is 593.75km

19. Ralph Talavera says:

hi if A and B travel in the same direction at the respective rates of 20 and 30 kilometer per hour. A has a start of 180 km. in how hours will they be together?

20. James says:

A jet flew from Tokyo to Bangkok, a distance of 4800km. On the return trip the speed was decreased by 200km/h. If the difference in times was 2 hours, what was the jets speed from Bangkok to Tokyo?

21. Satyam says:

A walks from jammu to delhi and at the same time B start walking from delhi to jammu, after passing each other they complete their journey in 361 hrs and 289 hrs, find the ratio of speed of A to that of B

22. Mehran Soleimanian says:

These examples are so useful. I’ve not been able to work something out. In a bike race 2 riders are going the same direction towards the finish. Bike 1 is leading and his speed is 160kmh. The 2nd bike is 600meters behind with same speed of 160kmh.. How fast should the 2nd bike travel to catchup to the first bike and how long (time) would it take? Total distance 1.2km

23. Md. Imran Haque says:

Gabtali is 12 km from New Market in Dhaka . From Sajal Newmarket, Rickshaw was 6 km per hour and Kajal left the same place for 4 km per hour . Sajal reached Gabtali, rested there for 30 minutes and then left for New Market at the same pace. How far from the new market will they meet ?

Solution: Do it Yourself .. Let’s Try…

24. Sourav says:

if distance are given and speed is given then how to calculate the average speed of entire journey?