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GPA calculators for Percentage to GPA conversion: A How to guide

Written by Sameer Kamat

In India, the majority of the institutions use either percentage or grade as a method of assessment. A few premier institutions like IITs, NITs have their own grading system. Students applying to universities outside India would be familiar with the GPA scale. In this post, MBA Crystal Ball provides some perspectives on the GPA scale and its implications for an Indian student planning to study abroad.

GPA or Grade point average can be calculated on a 4-point, 7-point or 10-point scale. U.S. universities usually adopt a 4- point GPA scale. Guidelines for conversion including GPA calculators are usually provided on the concerned university website so students need not stress themselves out on how to handle this aspect.

How to convert Grades to GPA

One method of calculating your GPA as followed by the University of Chicago Booth School Of Business is demonstrated below. Each of the grades are assigned grade points.

Grade Grade Points
A+ 4.33
A 4.00
A- 3.67
B+ 3.33
B 3.00
B- 2.67
C+ 2.33
C 2.00
C- 1.67
D+ 1.33
D 1.00

Here the method used is to multiply the grade points with the number of subjects corresponding to the grades or number of courses in which the grades are obtained. Add up the total and divide it by the number of subjects or courses taken to calculate your GPA.  Or just enter the values in the table on the University website and you get your GPA.

Another method of calculating GPA is to take into account credit hours, multiply each grade point with the corresponding credit hours for each subject taken, add it all to calculate the grand total for all the subjects and divide it by the total credit hours.

How to convert Percentage to GPA

An illustrative list of percentage and the corresponding grades is given below:

Percentage Grade
90-100 A+
85-89 A
80-84 A-
77-79 B+
73-76 B
70-72 B-
67-69 C+
63-66 C
60-62 C-
55-59 D+
50-54 D
0-49 F

It may be noted that even within India, the various IITs, NITs follow various grading systems-for example IIT Kanpur calculates CPI (Cumulative Performance Index), in IIT Bombay, grades are on a scale of 10. An article published by a leading Indian newspaper points out the problem caused by these varying grading system which tend to be confusing for recruiters to assess.


Now for some Q & A:

How do I convert my percentage received from an Indian University to a 4-point GPA scale?

The good news is that majority of the U.S. schools don’t expect you to convert your score on a GPA scale. Instead, many of the business schools mention on their website that applicants need to mention their score as obtained from the institution attended rather than attempting to convert it to a 4-point GPA scale. Since the admissions committees receive applications from multiple nationalities, they are well-versed with the various marking/grading scales.

Some countries may follow a more lenient approach towards marking whereas others tend to be stricter. So if we try to make conversions using a standard formula, it may not do justice to an international candidate.

But the university I’m applying to expects me to convert my score to a 4-point GPA scale?

If a school expects the students to convert their score, they would provide information on how they expect this to be done.

Another place for calculating  your GPA if you don’t wish to take upon yourself the responsibility of calculating your GPA is through WES (World Education Services) website where this facility is provided at a small charge.

Even if you use WES services to calculate your GPA, though you’ll get your scores converted, it may not turn out to be a number you may be too excited about. This is because in India, the average percentage turns out to be less than 70% which when converted would round off to around 2.7 which tends to be low when compared to American standards. So even if you’re a brilliant student competing with an average international candidate, your GPA might be lower than him/her.

Disclaimer: This post by MBA Crystal Ball is for information only and there may be many alternative approaches recommended by other sites. Do NOT use any of these methods blindly to convert your percentage into a GPA. Be aware of the limitations of each method.

The best option is to leave the Indian university percentage as it is. Most top bschool Adcoms know how to interpret Indian academic performance scores (like percentages) and compare it to those received from other countries. Rather than breaking your head on a single parameter, focus on the bigger picture and give the bschool reasons beyond the GPA to shortlist you for the MBA interview. Work on submitting solid MBA essays that present a coherent storyline and practical goals.


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Sameer Kamat

About Sameer Kamat

Founder of MBA Crystal Ball | Author of 'Beyond The MBA Hype' | Cambridge MBA Connect with me on Google+ | Twitter @mba_cb


12 Comments

  1. Dhruvik Talaviya   |  Wednesday, 07 August 2013 at 8:16 pm

    Hey, while applying for CAT, it asks me to write down my college grade in terms of percentage. I studied in the U.S, and my college awarded me score only in terms of GPA. My GPA is 3.61. How should I convert this to percentage?

  2. Sameer Kamat   |  Friday, 09 August 2013 at 3:42 pm

    Dhruvik: We can’t help out with CAT queries. We focus on GMAT programs.

  3. varun   |  Monday, 19 August 2013 at 10:50 am

    I got 84.5% so how much do I get in GPA?

  4. Sameer Kamat   |  Friday, 23 August 2013 at 11:10 am

    Varun: Wondering if you read the blog post :-)
    As far as possible, try not to convert your percentage. It’ll never be accurate. Most universities accept percentages, or suggest a way to convert it.

  5. Ramachandra   |  Saturday, 24 August 2013 at 1:30 pm

    there is a company i’m applying it is asking for gpa i have got 60%.

    GPA=?

    out of=?

    GPA Major=?

    GPA Major out of=?

    what to do?

  6. Sameer Kamat   |  Wednesday, 04 September 2013 at 3:12 pm

    Ramachandra: If they haven’t provided guidelines for conversion, you have two options:
    - Check with them before filling the form
    - Fill up your percentage number and mention something like – “Univ uses percentage grading instead of GPA “.

    Bottomline is, if the rest of your resume is impressive, they won’t penalise you attending a university that uses percentages instead of GPA.

  7. Ashish   |  Wednesday, 09 October 2013 at 6:45 am

    Hi. I studied from University of texas at Arlington. I have 3.545 GPA out of 4. I need to convert it into percentage as here in India goverment sector jobs want it. Please help me.

  8. Bhushan Kale   |  Thursday, 31 October 2013 at 10:04 am

    Hi,

    Within India, would the conversion of percentage to GPA be affected by the university one has graduated from? I mean would a 65% from Mumbai university convert to same GPA as 65% from, lets say, Bangalore university?

  9. Sameer Kamat   |  Friday, 01 November 2013 at 8:10 am

    @Ashish: Reverse problem for you! Unlike in the business school applications where this number is very important, I’d guess that for government jobs it’s just another piece of data along with a lot of other information that they want to know. Check with someone working in that company to see if they have some suggestions.

    @Bhushan: A 65% from Mumbai university is not the same as from another university. Which is why a generic GPA conversion formula doesn’t help. Best to leave it in the original format and allow the bschool representatives to interpret it based on their experience and database.

  10. Karthik Srinivasan   |  Saturday, 09 November 2013 at 7:00 pm

    I am from Indian Institute of Science and when I converted my score of 6.6/8.0 in WES (through the small fee option which is mentioned in this blog earlier), my score is 4.0 on 4.0. Now I am confused. How can I report this score for US universities which are asking for a 4.0 scale.

  11. tejas   |  Saturday, 15 February 2014 at 8:11 am

    hi,
    i am doing engineering from nagpur university and i scored 54.3% aggregate till now.
    please can u tell me what gpa did i scored?

  12. Aarti   |  Tuesday, 04 March 2014 at 9:55 am

    Hi Sameer,
    I belong to the Mumbai University and I have done my engineering from the top engg college in Mumbai in Computers. I have a fluctating engg % which varied from 65 to 73. In my final year I have a overall % of 72. I was wonderig what would my GPA be?Does a college matter when you apply for MBA in the US?

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